Data Mesh vs. Data Fabric: What are the Differences?
2023/02/03

Data mesh and data fabric are architectural approaches for managing data in large organizations, but they differ in several ways.

Data mesh is an architectural approach that emphasizes decentralization of data ownership and management, where each domain or product team is responsible for managing its own data. Data mesh also emphasizes the need for data interoperability and standardization between different domains, achieved through data contracts and APIs.

On the other hand, data fabric is an architectural approach that aims to provide a unified view of data across the organization, regardless of where the data is stored or managed. A data fabric typically uses a data virtualization layer to provide a single access point to all data sources, making integrating data across different systems easier.

Differences between the two architectures

  1. Ownership and management of data: In a data mesh architecture, each domain or product team manages its own data. For example, a team responsible for customer data would manage its own customer database, and a team responsible for product data would manage its own product database. On the other hand, in a data fabric architecture, data is centrally managed and governed, and the data fabric provides a unified view of all data across the organization, regardless of where the data is stored.
  2. Data interoperability and standardization: In a data mesh architecture, data interoperability and standardization are achieved through the use of data contracts and APIs, which define how data should be exchanged and accessed between different domains. Each domain or product team is responsible for defining its own data contracts and APIs. In contrast, a data fabric architecture typically uses a data virtualization layer to provide a unified view of all data across the organization, making integrating data from different sources easier.
  3. Data governance and security: In a data mesh architecture, data governance and security are decentralized, with each domain or product team responsible for managing its own data security and governance policies. Data governance and security are centrally managed and enforced across the organization in a data fabric architecture.
  4. Scalability and flexibility: Data mesh architecture is designed to be flexible and scalable, making it easier to add new domains or product teams as the organization grows. Each domain or product team can manage its own data infrastructure, allowing them to choose the tools and technologies that best fit its needs. In contrast, a data fabric architecture is designed to provide a unified view of all data across the organization, making it easier to integrate and analyze data. However, this can be less flexible and more challenging to scale as the organization grows.

Implementing with Canner Enterprise

Both Data Mesh and Data Fabric are important architectural concepts for modern enterprises in data integration. Canner Enterprise designs to assist enterprises in implementing both Data Mesh and Data Fabric architecture.

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